Hasidim

Hasidim
Persons characterized by hesed, loyalty, especially to God, in the community of the faithful. They are ‘the holy ones in the land’ (Ps. 16:3, NRSV), ‘his faithful ones’ (Ps. 30:4; Prov. 2:8, NRSV). At one time the fact of belonging to the people of Israel was equivalent to being one of the Hasidim, but later they were ethically and spiritually ‘the righteous’ contrasted with the ‘wicked’, as is implied by the parallelism of Ps. 37:28–9.
In the 2nd cent. BCE the Hasideans were a group of Jewish zealots for the Law who were opposed to the spread of Hellenistic culture (1 Macc. 2:42; 2 Macc. 14:6). As students of scripture they gave intellectual support for a time to Judas Maccabaeus [[➝ Maccabees, books of]]. A self-portrait of a member of the group may be drawn by Ben Sirach in Ecclus.=Sir. 38:34c–39:5. They are thought by some to have been forerunners of the Pharisees.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • ḤASIDIM — (Heb. חֲסִידִים, pietists ), term used in rabbinic literature to designate those who maintained a higher standard in observing the religious and moral commandments. The various definitions in rabbinic literature of the ḥasid, and the more… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Hasidim — [has′ə dim΄, has′ədēm΄, ha sid′im, hasēd′im; ] Heb [ khä΄sē dēm′] pl.n. sing. Hasid [has′id; ] Heb [ khä sēd′] the members of a sect of Jewish mystics that originated in Poland in the 18th cent. and that emphasizes joyful worship of an immanent… …   Universalium

  • hasidim — HASIDÍM, Ă adj., s. m. f. (adept) al hasidismului. (< fr. hassidim) Trimis de raduborza, 15.09.2007. Sursa: MDN …   Dicționar Român

  • Hasidim — also Chasidim, 1812, adherents of a conservative Jewish religious movement founded 1750 by Rabbi Israel ben Eliezer Baal Shem Tobh, from Heb. hasidhim, lit. pious ones, pl. of hasidh kind, pious. Earlier used in Hebrew of adherents of an anti… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Hasidim — [has′ə dim΄, has′ədēm΄, ha sid′im, hasēd′im; ] Heb [ khä΄sē dēm′] pl.n. sing. Hasid [has′id; ] Heb [ khä sēd′] the members of a sect of Jewish mystics that originated in Poland in the 18th cent. and that emphasizes joyful worship of an immanent… …   English World dictionary

  • Hasidim — This page lists the different movements in Jewish history called Hasidim/Chasidim Hasid/Hasidic/Hasidism (with alternative spellings) redirect to modern Hasidic Judaism, its contemporary popularly used meaning Hasidut/Hasidus (with alternative… …   Wikipedia

  • *hasidim — ● hassidim ou hasidim nom masculin pluriel (hébreu hasid, pieux) Membres d un groupe religieux juif refusant l hellénisation d Antiochos IV Épiphane et qui appuyèrent la révolte des Maccabées. Membres du hassidisme médiéval et contemporain. ●… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Hasidim — ( THE PIOUS )    A religious movement founded by Israel Baal Shem Tov around 1735. He was not a rabbi but journeyed widely as an itinerant preacher and proclaimed a philosophy of faith, love, and joy. His preaching was both widely acclaimed and… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • ḤASIDIM, SEFER — (Heb. סֵפֶר חֲסִידִים, Book of the Pious ), major work in the field of ethics, produced by the Jews of medieval Germany. It comprises the ethical teachings of the movement in the 12th and early 13th centuries. Two versions of the book have… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • hasidim — n. member of a mystical Jewish sect founded in 18th century Poland by Baal Shem Tov …   English contemporary dictionary

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